Sistemas de preparo do solo e efeitos do tempo de nitrogênio no crescimento, manutenção da qualidade de grãos e verde no milho (Zea mays L.)


  • Allah Wasaya BZU Bahadur Sub Campus
  • Muhammad Tahir University of Agriculture Faisalabad
  • Tauqeer Ahmad Yasir BZU Bahadur Sub Campus
  • Muhammad Mansoor Javed University of Sargodha
  • Muhammad Ali Raza Sichuan Agricultural University
  • Muhammad Akram COMSATS University



Teor de clorofila, Razão Área foliar, Área foliar específica, Qualidade de grãos, Intervalos de aplicação de nitrogênio, Sistemas de manejo.


Nitrogênio (N), sendo móvel no solo, está exposto a várias perdas devido ao uso imprudente de fertilizantes nitrogenados e práticas convencionais de manejo do solo e das culturas, que podem ser minimizadas pela aplicação de nitrogênio temporal e diferentes práticas de preparo do solo. Este estudo foi realizado para elucidar o efeito de diferentes sistemas de preparo do solo e tempos de nitrogênio no crescimento, permanência e qualidade do grão verde no milho. Três sistemas de lavoura, viz. T1: preparo do solo com cultivador, T2: arado de aiveca + 2-cultivos, T3: escarificador + 2-cultivos; e cinco temporizações de azoto, viz. N1: todo na sementeira, N2: ½ na sementeira + ½ na V5 (fase de 5 folhas), N3: ½ na sementeira + ½ no pendoamento, N4: ½ na V5 + ½ na pompa, N5: 1/3 na sementeira + 1/3 em V5 + 1/3 no pendoamento). Sistemas de preparo do solo e aplicação de nitrogênio tiveram efeito significativo na área foliar por planta, área foliar específica e área foliar. Os sistemas de preparo do solo não tiveram efeito significativo na manutenção dos parâmetros de qualidade verde e de grãos, exceto para os teores de óleo. Entretanto, os tempos de nitrogênio tiveram efeito significativo sobre os teores de clorofila a, b e total, bem como parâmetros de qualidade de grãos. Os maiores teores de clorofila a, b e total foram observados com três fendas, isto é, 1/3 na semeadura + 1/3 em V5 + 1/3 no pendoamento comparado com outros tratamentos. Os resultados sugerem o cultivo do milho preparando o campo através do arado de cinzel e aplicando o N em três fendas para melhorar o seu crescimento, o teor de clorofila e a qualidade do grão.


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Biografia do Autor

Allah Wasaya, BZU Bahadur Sub Campus

Assistant Professor, College of Agriculture, BZU Bahadur Sub Campus, Layyah, Pakistan.

Muhammad Tahir, University of Agriculture Faisalabad

Associate Professor, Department of Agronomy, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan.

Tauqeer Ahmad Yasir, BZU Bahadur Sub Campus

Assistant Professor, College of Agriculture, BZU Bahadur Sub Campus, Layyah, Pakistan.

Muhammad Mansoor Javed, University of Sargodha

Assistant Professor, Department of Agronomy, University of Sargodha, Sargodha, Pakistan.

Muhammad Ali Raza, Sichuan Agricultural University

Ph.D. Scholar, College of Agronomy, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu 611130, Sichuan, China.

Muhammad Akram, COMSATS University

Assistant Professor, Department of Environmental Sciences, COMSATS University, Islamabad, Vehari Campus 61100, Pakistan.


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Como Citar

Wasaya, A., Tahir, M., Yasir, T. A., Javed, M. M., Raza, M. A., & Akram, M. (2019). Sistemas de preparo do solo e efeitos do tempo de nitrogênio no crescimento, manutenção da qualidade de grãos e verde no milho (Zea mays L.). Semina: Ciências Agrárias, 40(6Supl2), 3007–3020.




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