Functional neurologic recovery in two dogs diagnosed with severe


  • Mônica Vicky Bahr Arias Universidade Estadual de Londrina
  • Daniela Scapini Mendes Centro Universitário Filadélfia
  • Nazilton de Paula Reis Filho Universidade Estadual Paulista



Nervous system, Spinal cord, Dogs.


Traumatic injuries to the vertebral column, spinal cord, and cauda equina nerve roots occur frequently in human and veterinary medicine and lead to devastating consequences. Complications include partial or complete loss of motor, sensory, and visceral functions, which are among the main causes of euthanasia in dogs. The present case report describes neurological functional recovery in two dogs that were treated surgically for severe spinal fracture and vertebral luxation. In the first case, a stray, mixed breed puppy was diagnosed with thoracolumbar syndrome and Schiff-Scherrington posture, as well as a T13 caudal epiphyseal fracture with 100% luxation between vertebrae T13 and L1; despite these injuries, the animal did show deep pain sensation in the pelvic limbs. Decompression through hemilaminectomy and spinal stabilization with vertebral body pins and bone cement were performed, and the treatment was supplemented with physiotherapy and acupuncture . In the second case, a mixed breed dog was diagnosed with a vertebral fracture and severe luxation between L6 and L7 after a vehicular trauma, but maintained nociception and perineal reflex. Surgical stabilization of the spine was performed using a modified dorsal segmental fixation technique Both patients showed significant recovery of neurological function. Complete luxation of the spinal canal observed radiographically does not mean a poor prognosis, and in some cases, motor, sensory, and visceral functions all have the potential for recovery. In the first case the determining factor for good prognosis was the presence of deep pain perception, and in the second case the prognosis was determined by the presence of sensitivity and anal sphincter tone during the initial neurological examination.


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Biografia do Autor

Mônica Vicky Bahr Arias, Universidade Estadual de Londrina

Professora Associada do Depto

Área - Pequenos Animais, Clínica Cirúrgica e Neurologia

Daniela Scapini Mendes, Centro Universitário Filadélfia

Médica Veterinária, Hospital Veterinário, Centro Universitário Filadélfia, UNIFIL, Londrina, PR, Brasil.

Nazilton de Paula Reis Filho, Universidade Estadual Paulista

Pós Graduando, Faculdade de Ciências Agrárias e Veterinárias, Universidade Estadual Paulista, UNESP, Jaboticabal, SP, Brasil.




Como Citar

Arias, M. V. B., Mendes, D. S., & Reis Filho, N. de P. (2015). Functional neurologic recovery in two dogs diagnosed with severe. Semina: Ciências Agrárias, 36(2), 901–908.



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